Lower Primary

Learning about bushfires

This section introduces the theme of 'Learning about bushfires' in the context of safety messages, and is designed to support the learning needs of students between Prep to Grade 3. It is aligned to Victorian Curriculum levels 1 and 2. It aims to provide a basic awareness of why bushfires are dangerous, when bushfires are most likely to happen and the systems in place to help keep people safe. These understandings play a key role why as to why it very important to learn about bushfire safety.

Throughout this section, care needs to be taken to clarify any misconceptions students may have about bushfires. For example, some students may be familiar with plans for safe exits and a safe meeting place in the event of a house fire or a fire drill at school, when the danger is inside. Be sure they understand that in a bushfire the danger comes from outside, so people will have different safety plans depending on their circumstances.

Types of fires – good and bad

Learning intention:

In the initial session, students will be asked to reflect on their prior knowledge and experiences of fire. The exploration and tasks are intended to help students understand that some fires are helpful and others cause problems. Students will practise and use language related to fires and bushfires.

Introducing the Fire Triangle

Learning intention:

In this session students come to appreciate the elements a fire needs to start and continue burning. The model of the Fire Triangle is introduced, as well as key language such as 'fuel', 'heat' and 'oxygen'.

The impact of radiant heat during bushfires

Learning intention:

Students will come to understand that although we need radiant heat, the heath that a fire gives of can be dangerous. Students will be aware that we do not have to be touched by the flames in order to be burnt or hurt by fire. The safety message of a person moving away from the heat source or putting something between themselves and the heat source will be made explicit.

Understanding the Fire Danger Rating system

Learning intention:

Students are encouraged to use their knowledge of how fires start (the Fire Triangle) to understand that there are many causes of bushfires. They will then explore the factors and conditions related to the Fire Danger Rating system used in Victoria, and learn that this is a safety system for alerting people to potential bush fire dangers.